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what are the elements of the sacrament of matrimony?

86 1 Cor 7:39; cf. 133 Cf. Disparity of cult can further aggravate these difficulties. The sacrament of Matrimony establishes a perpetual and exclusive bond between the spouses. 89 GS 47 § 1. Gal 6:2. 1634 Difference of confession between the spouses does not constitute an insurmountable obstacle for marriage, when they succeed in placing in common what they have received from their respective communities, and learn from each other the way in which each lives in fidelity to Christ. CIC, can. The seven sacraments are as follows: Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist, Rite of Christian Initiation of Adults, Reconciliation, Anointing of the Sick, Marriage and Holy Orders.... Of all the sacraments, the sacrament of marriage is the most controversial because it was not included in the original sacraments. For the same reason, they cannot exercise certain ecclesial responsibilities.  As you anticipate the joy of your wedding and marriage, we invite you to enter into this marriage preparation process in the Catholic Church as an opportunity to grow individually and as a couple rather than as a checklist of things you “have to do”. How does sin threaten marriage? 116 Cf. In the joys of their love and family life he gives them here on earth a foretaste of the wedding feast of the Lamb: V. THE GOODS AND REQUIREMENTS OF CONJUGAL LOVE, 1643 "Conjugal love involves a totality, in which all the elements of the person enter - appeal of the body and instinct, power of feeling and affectivity, aspiration of the spirit and of will. How wonderful the bond between two believers, now one in hope, one in desire, one in discipline, one in the same service! Each family member, in accord with their own role, exercises the baptismal priesthood and contributes toward making the family a community of grace and of prayer, a school of human and Christian virtue and the place where the faith is first proclaimed to children. The apostles taught on the beauty and significance of marriage throughout the New Testament (1 Peter 3:1-12). The spouses do not cease to be husband and wife before God and so are not free to contract a new union. For man is created in the image and likeness of God who is himself love.90 Since God created him man and woman, their mutual love becomes an image of the absolute and unfailing love with which God loves man. THE SEVEN SACRAMENTS OF THE CHURCH, CHAPTER THREE The chief duties of husband and … Veils: The veil symbolises the love to his/her wife/husband Coins/Arrhae: The coins are used to symbolise wealth and blessing for the couple Bible: The bible symbolises the husbands acceptance of the role being the spiritual leader of the family. These differences should not cause us to forget its common and permanent characteristics. Eph 5:31-32. Hence, true married love and the whole structure of family life which results from it, without diminishment of the other ends of marriage, are directed to disposing the spouses to cooperate valiantly with the love of the Creator and Savior, who through them will increase and enrich his family from day to day. But the difficulties of mixed marriages must not be underestimated. Acts 16:31; Acts 11:14. 126 Cf. It excludes a union with any other person so long as the marriage exists. The spouses are the ministers of the sacrament of marriage because the mark—the external sign—of the sacrament is not the wedding Mass or anything the priest might do but the marriage contract itself. The three requirements that are essential to Marriage are unity, indissolubility, and openness to children. John Paul II, FC 16. 1057 § 1. And this love which God blesses is intended to be fruitful and to be realized in the common work of watching over creation: "And God blessed them, and God said to them: 'Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth and subdue it. This disorder can manifest itself more or less acutely, and can be more or less overcome according to the circumstances of cultures, eras, and individuals, but it does seem to have a universal character. The doors of homes, the "domestic churches," and of the great family which is the Church must be open to all of them. As Fr. Therefore marriage comes into the legal competence of the Church. 128 GS 48 § 1; OCM 45; cf. GE 3. By creating man and woman he called them to an intimate communion of life and of love in marriage: “So that they are no longer two, but one flesh” (Matthew 19:6). 138 Cf. CIC, can. 96 Cf. The Christian community is called to help these persons live out their situation in a Christian manner and in fidelity to their marriage bond which remains indissoluble.159. 150 Eph 5:21; cf. "147 This grace proper to the sacrament of Matrimony is intended to perfect the couple's love and to strengthen their indissoluble unity. 113 Cf. "142, 1639 The consent by which the spouses mutually give and receive one another is sealed by God himself.143 From their covenant arises "an institution, confirmed by the divine law, . CIC, can. The spouses risk experiencing the tragedy of Christian disunity even in the heart of their own home. 136 GS 49 § 3. GS 48 § 1). 1622 "Inasmuch as it is a sacramental action of sanctification, the liturgical celebration of marriage . 1631 This is the reason why the Church normally requires that the faithful contract marriage according to the ecclesiastical form. "94 The Lord himself shows that this signifies an unbreakable union of their two lives by recalling what the plan of the Creator had been "in the beginning": "So they are no longer two, but one flesh."95. There are a couple of important historical notes to make about the Catholic Rite of Marriage before I include the text and rubrics of the rite. "85 Scripture speaks throughout of marriage and its "mystery," its institution and the meaning God has given it, its origin and its end, its various realizations throughout the history of salvation, the difficulties arising from sin and its renewal "in the Lord" in the New Covenant of Christ and the Church.86, 1603 "The intimate community of life and love which constitutes the married state has been established by the Creator and endowed by him with its own proper laws. In our present rite, several elements recall that early stage of the celebration of marriage: the ceremony of the "Crowning" starts, as does the Liturgy, with the exclamation "Blessed is the Kingdom," and the rite itself includes such elements as the singing of the "Our Father" followed by the couple's participation in a common cup of wine. must be, per se, valid, worthy, and fruitful. 105 Cf. Rev 14:4; 1 Cor 7:32; Mt 2:56. John Hardon explains in his Pocket Catholic Dictionary, there are four elements common to natural marriage throughout history: 1. CIC, can. "123 It is therefore appropriate for the bride and groom to prepare themselves for the celebration of their marriage by receiving the sacrament of penance. 1665 The remarriage of persons divorced from a living, lawful spouse contravenes the plan and law of God as taught by Christ. Consequently, they cannot receive Eucharistic communion as long as this situation persists. It excludes a union with … 1125. She sees in it the confirmation of the goodness of marriage and the proclamation that thenceforth marriage will be an efficacious sign of Christ's presence. Council of Trent: DS 1813-1816; CIC, can. So, even at a natural level, a lack of commitment to these four elements means that no marriage has taken place. “Whoever divorces his wife and marries another, commits adultery against her; and if she divorces her husband and marries another, she commits adultery” (Mark 10:11-12). "84, 1602 Sacred Scripture begins with the creation of man and woman in the image and likeness of God and concludes with a vision of "the wedding-feast of the Lamb. After the fall, marriage helps to overcome self-absorption, egoism, pursuit of one's own pleasure, and to open oneself to the other, to mutual aid and to self-giving. This is a reasonable timeframe to engage in the elements both practically and thoughtfully. It is a union of opposite sexes. In sacramental terms, the man and the woman are the ministers of the Sacrament of Marriage, not the priest or deacon who performs the ceremony; therefore, in entering into the sacrament, they need to intend by an act of the will to do what the Church intends in the sacrament: "Matrimonial consent is an act of the will by which a man and a woman mutually give and accept each other through … 164 Cf. Whoever praises it makes virginity more admirable and resplendent. It is a lifelong union, ending only with the death of one spouse. In the sacrament of Matrimony, the outward sign is the exchange of marital consent on the part of a baptized man and a baptized woman. A sacrament, as we know, is an outward sign that confers an inner grace. Pope Paul VI wrote: “By it [the Sacrament of Matrimony] husband and wife are strengthened and…consecrated for the faithful accomplishment of their proper duties, for the carrying out of their proper vocation even to perfection, and the Christian witness which is proper to them before the whole world” (Humanae Vitae, n. 25). The temptation to religious indifference can then arise. 1636 Through ecumenical dialogue Christian communities in many regions have been able to put into effect a common pastoral practice for mixed marriages. CIC, cann. PART TWO The Church does not have the power to contravene this disposition of divine wisdom.146, 1641 "By reason of their state in life and of their order, [Christian spouses] have their own special gifts in the People of God. FC 28. . Marriage. 166 Cf. . 1620 Both the sacrament of Matrimony and virginity for the Kingdom of God come from the Lord himself. The seven sacraments touch all the stages and all the important moments of Christian life: they give birth and increase, healing and mission to the Christian's life of faith. Their union has always been threatened by discord, a spirit of domination, infidelity, jealousy, and conflicts that can escalate into hatred and separation. God himself said: "It is not good that man should be alone," and "from the beginning [he] made them male and female"; wishing to associate them in a special way in his own creative work, God blessed man and woman with the words: "Be fruitful and multiply." They should be encouraged to listen to the Word of God, to attend the Sacrifice of the Mass, to persevere in prayer, to contribute to works of charity and to community efforts for justice, to bring up their children in the Christian faith, to cultivate the spirit and practice of penance and thus implore, day by day, God's grace.161, 1652 "By its very nature the institution of marriage and married love is ordered to the procreation and education of the offspring and it is in them that it finds its crowning glory. For Catholics, the Sacrament of Marriage, or Holy Matrimony, is a public sign that one gives oneself totally to this other person. CIC, can. 168 LG 11; cf. 93 Cf. 1057 § 2. A mixed marriage (between a Catholic and a baptized non-Catholic) needs for liceity the permission of ecclesiastical authority. For this reason the Second Vatican Council, using an ancient expression, calls the family the Ecclesia domestica.168 It is in the bosom of the family that parents are "by word and example . Because of original sin, which caused a rupture in the … 152 FC 13. It is imperative to give suitable and timely instruction to young people, above all in the heart of their own families, about the dignity of married love, its role and its exercise, so that, having learned the value of chastity, they will be able at a suitable age to engage in honorable courtship and enter upon a marriage of their own.136. The temptation to religious indifference can then arise. FC 20. Polygamy is incompatible with the unity of marriage; divorce separates what God has joined together; the refusal of fertility turns married life away from its "supreme gift," the child (GS 50 § 1). 146 Cf. "170 Thus the home is the first school of Christian life and "a school for human enrichment. However, they cannot receive sacramental absolution, take Holy Communion, or exercise certain ecclesial responsibilities as long as their situation, which objectively contravenes God's law, persists. Eph 5:26-27. 159 Cf. Although the dignity of this institution is not transparent everywhere with the same clarity,88 some sense of the greatness of the matrimonial union exists in all cultures. The example and teaching given by parents and families remain the special form of this preparation. Mt 19:8. Differences about faith and the very notion of marriage, but also different religious mentalities, can become sources of tension in marriage, especially as regards the education of children. Lk 14:26; Mk 10:28-31. CIC, can. 155 GS 49 § 2. A valid Catholic marriage results from four elements: (1) the spouses are free to marry; (2) they freely exchange their consent; (3) in consenting to marry, they have the intention to marry for life, to be faithful to one another and be open to children; and (4) their consent is given in the canonical form, i.e., in the presence of two witnesses and before a properly authorized church minister. 110 Eph 5:25-26,31-32; Cf. "166 When they were converted, they desired that "their whole household" should also be saved.167 These families who became believers were islands of Christian life in an unbelieving world. As long as one’s spouse lives, however, one is not free to contract a new union, except if the marriage be null and be declared so by ecclesiastical authority. If the divorced are remarried civilly, they find themselves in a situation that objectively contravenes God's law. 145 GS 48 § 2. "92 The woman, "flesh of his flesh," his equal, his nearest in all things, is given to him by God as a "helpmate"; she thus represents God from whom comes our help.93 "Therefore a man leaves his father and his mother and cleaves to his wife, and they become one flesh. the first heralds of the faith with regard to their children. "144 The covenant between the spouses is integrated into God's covenant with man: "Authentic married love is caught up into divine love. To heal the wounds of sin, man and woman need the help of the grace that God in his infinite mercy never refuses them.99 Without his help man and woman cannot achieve the union of their lives for which God created them "in the beginning.". For this reason the family home is rightly called "the domestic church," a community of grace and prayer, a school of human virtues and of Christian charity. 1657 It is here that the father of the family, the mother, children, and all members of the family exercise the priesthood of the baptized in a privileged way "by the reception of the sacraments, prayer and thanksgiving, the witness of a holy life, and self-denial and active charity. 172 FC 85; cf. Council of Trent: DS 1799). 1103. The nuptial covenant of God with Israel prepared for and prefigured the new covenant established by Jesus Christ the Son of God, with his spouse, the Church. Matrimony, or Marriage, is another sacrament that consecrates for a particular mission in building up the Church, and that provides grace for accomplishing that mission. God helped his people above all through the teaching of the Law and the Prophets to deepen progressively their understanding of the unity and indissolubility of marriage. Marriage is not a purely human institution despite the many variations it may have undergone through the centuries in different cultures, social structures, and spiritual attitudes. 1626 The Church holds the exchange of consent between the spouses to be the indispensable element that "makes the marriage. 1623 According to Latin tradition, the spouses as ministers of Christ's grace mutually confer upon each other the sacrament of Matrimony by expressing their consent before the Church. Where the flesh is one, one also is the spirit. Exceptions to the la… 98 Cf. This is a great mystery, and I mean in reference to Christ and the Church" (Eph 5:25, 32). 1635 According to the law in force in the Latin Church, a mixed marriage needs for liceity the express permission of ecclesiastical authority.137 In case of disparity of cult an express dispensation from this impediment is required for the validity of the marriage.138 This permission or dispensation presupposes that both parties know and do not exclude the essential ends and properties of marriage; and furthermore that the Catholic party confirms the obligations, which have been made known to the non-Catholic party, of preserving his or her own faith and ensuring the baptism and education of the children in the Catholic Church.139. 1 Cor 10:17. What are the chief duties of husband and wife in the married state? They become a sign of the absolute supremacy of Christ’s love and of the ardent expectation of his glorious return. - Sacramental marriage is a liturgical act. 122 Cf. The spouses risk experiencing the tragedy of Christian disunity even in the heart of their own home. On this topic of the Sacrament of Marriage, let’s begin with the definition of marriage. 140 1 Cor 7:14. In the Old Testament the polygamy of patriarchs and kings is not yet explicitly rejected. In such cases the Church permits the physical, Today there are numerous Catholics in many countries who have recourse to civil. 118 Cf. The bond with him takes precedence over all other bonds, familial or social.113 From the very beginning of the Church there have been men and women who have renounced the great good of marriage to follow the Lamb wherever he goes, to be intent on the things of the Lord, to seek to please him, and to go out to meet the Bridegroom who is coming.114 Christ himself has invited certain persons to follow him in this way of life, of which he remains the model: 1619 Virginity for the sake of the kingdom of heaven is an unfolding of baptismal grace, a powerful sign of the supremacy of the bond with Christ and of the ardent expectation of his return, a sign which also recalls that marriage is a reality of this present age which is passing away.116. 170 LG 10. The three elements of mortal sin are: Grave matter (i.e., gravely wrong). Eph 5:32. 10,1:PG 48,540; Cf. Mk 10:9. God who is love and who created man and woman for love has called them to love. The Church permits the physical separation of spouses when for serious reasons their living together becomes practically impossible, even though there may be hope for their reconciliation. For Catholics, the Sacrament of Marriage, or Holy Matrimony, is a public sign that one gives oneself totally to this other person. 1648 It can seem difficult, even impossible, to bind oneself for life to another human being. It is also necessary for the Catholic party to accept the obligation, of which the non-Catholic party has been advised, to persevere in the faith and to assure the baptism and Catholic education of their children. This bond, which results from the free human act of the spouses and their consummation of the marriage, is a reality, henceforth irrevocable, and gives rise to a covenant guaranteed by God's fidelity. Love seeks to be definitive; it cannot be an arrangement "until further notice." LG 41. Between two baptized persons, marriage as an institution willed by God the Creator cannot be separated from marriage the sacrament, because the sacramental nature of marriage between the baptized is not an accidental element that could be or could just as well not be, but is rather so tied into the essence of it as to be inseparable from it. The Christian family is called the domestic church because the family manifests and lives out the communal and familial nature of the Church as the family of God. FC 83; CIC, cann. "The well-being of the individual person and of both human and Christian society is closely bound up with the healthy state of conjugal and family life. 121 Cf. Therefore, a marriage which is ratified and consummated between baptized persons can never be dissolved. LG 42; PC 12; OT 10. According to the Council of Trent this dogma has always been taught by the Church, and is thus defined in canon i, Sess. . . The Elements of a Natural Marriage As Fr. By its very nature it is ordered to the good of the couple, as well as to the generation and education of children. Since it signifies and communicates grace, marriage between baptized persons is a true sacrament of the New Covenant..112. Gen 2:18-25. Christian marriage in its turn becomes an efficacious sign, the sacrament of the covenant of Christ and the Church. 1651 Toward Christians who live in this situation, and who often keep the faith and desire to bring up their children in a Christian manner, priests and the whole community must manifest an attentive solicitude, so that they do not consider themselves separated from the Church, in whose life they can and must participate as baptized persons: 1606-1608. 134 Cf. Since consent constitutes Matrimony, it is indispensable and irreplaceable. FC 21. CIC, can. . The Catholic Church also has requirements before Catholics can be considered validly married in the eyes of the Church. 151 Tertullian, Ad uxorem. 161 FC 84. Saint Andrew the Apostle Catholic Church3450 West Ray Road, Chandler, AZ 85226(480) 899-1990, Copyright © 2021 Saint Andrew the Apostle Catholic Church, Site designed and maintained by The Catholic Web CompanySend Us Stuff. CCEO, can. P a g e | 4 “Christ instituted the sacraments of the new law. In a word it is a question of the normal characteristics of all natural conjugal love, but with a new significance which not only purifies and strengthens them, but raises them to the extent of making them the expression of specifically Christian values. According to the law in force in the Latin Church, a mixed marriage needs for liceity the, Through ecumenical dialogue Christian communities in many regions have been able to put into effect a, In marriages with disparity of cult the Catholic spouse has a particular task: "For the unbelieving husband is consecrated through his wife, and the unbelieving wife is consecrated through her husband.". 1134. THE SACRAMENTS AT THE SERVICE OF COMMUNION, 1601 "The matrimonial covenant, by which a man and a woman establish between themselves a partnership of the whole of life, is by its nature ordered toward the good of the spouses and the procreation and education of offspring; this covenant between baptized persons has been raised by Christ the Lord to the dignity of a sacrament. 1610 Moral conscience concerning the unity and indissolubility of marriage developed under the pedagogy of the old law. It requires particular attention on the part of couples and their pastors. Their distinctions remain, and yet in their marriage we find that there is something there that is greater than the sum of the persons involved. 162 GS 48 § 1; 50. 1063. A case of marriage with disparity of cult (between a Catholic and a non-baptized person) requires even greater circumspection. 1095-1107. Since Matrimony establishes spouses in a public state of life in the Church, its liturgical celebration is public, taking place in the presence of a priest (or of a witness authorized by the Church) and other witnesses. According to the original divine plan this conjugal union is indissoluble, as Jesus Christ affirmed: “What God has joined together, let no man put asunder” (Mark 10:9). 171 GS 52 § 1. God instituted Matrimony for the special purpose of entrusting to the married couple the privilege of … The ministers of the Sacrament of Matrimony in the Latin Rite are the bride and groom, and the priest and deacons are witnesses. 1151-1155. In celebrating the sacrament of Holy Matrimony, Christians proclaim the communion of love between Christ and the Church and ask God’s blessing on the new couple that their nuptial union might be the sacramental sign of this same love. 1:31. . . . 1616 This is what the Apostle Paul makes clear when he says: "Husbands, love your wives, as Christ loved the church and gave himself up for her, that he might sanctify her," adding at once: "'For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one. 104 Rev 19:7,9; cf. The sacrament of matrimony consist of the marriage contract, so that for Christians the contract and the sacrament are inseparable. "155 Polygamy is contrary to conjugal love which is undivided and exclusive.156, 1646 By its very nature conjugal love requires the inviolable fidelity of the spouses. CIC, can. 1618 Christ is the center of all Christian life. Reconciliation through the sacrament of Penance can be granted only to those who have repented for having violated the sign of the covenant and of fidelity to Christ, and who are committed to living in complete continence. 1108. Acts 18:8. 1607 According to faith the disorder we notice so painfully does not stem from the nature of man and woman, nor from the nature of their relations, but from sin. In the tradition of the Eastern Churches, the priests (bishops or presbyters) are witnesses to the mutual consent given by the spouses,124 but for the validity of the sacrament their blessing is also necessary.125. 142 Cf. Anyone besides the priest, pope, arch bishops can marry as long as they can be happy together forever. 1609 In his mercy God has not forsaken sinful man. GS 47 § 2. 1621 In the Latin Rite the celebration of marriage between two … 163 GS 50 § 1; cf. 1630 The priest (or deacon) who assists at the celebration of a marriage receives the consent of the spouses in the name of the Church and gives the blessing of the Church. Its task is to help such couples live out their particular situation in the light of faith, overcome the tensions between the couple's obligations to each other and towards their ecclesial communities, and encourage the flowering of what is common to them in faith and respect for what separates them. The Catholic Church distinguishes between a legal marriage and the Sacrament of Matrimony. "For there are eunuchs who have been so from birth, and there are eunuchs who have been made eunuchs by men, and there are eunuchs who have made themselves eunuchs for the sake of the kingdom of heaven. 1659 St. Paul said: "Husbands, love your wives, as Christ loved the Church. 1645 "The unity of marriage, distinctly recognized by our Lord, is made clear in the equal personal dignity which must be accorded to man and wife in mutual and unreserved affection. Differences about faith and the very notion of marriage, but also different religious mentalities, can become sources of tension in marriage, especially as regards the education of children. 1055 § 1; cf. 1647 The deepest reason is found in the fidelity of God to his covenant, in that of Christ to his Church. "Just as of old God encountered his people with a covenant of love and fidelity, so our Savior, the spouse of the Church, now encounters Christian spouses through the sacrament of Matrimony. 1 Cor 7:16. The Sacrament of Matrimony involves two baptized people, one or both of whom are Catholic, becoming husband and wife through a sacred covenant with God and each other. 88 Cf. But the difficulties of mixed marriages must not be underestimated. "No one is without a family in this world: the Church is a home and family for everyone, especially those who 'labor and are heavy laden.'"172. 1086. Through the sacrament, the indissolubility of marriage receives a new and deeper meaning. Christ not only restored the original order of matrimony but raised it to the dignity of a sacrament, giving spouses a special grace to live out their marriage as a symbol of Christ’s love for his bride the Church: “Husbands, love your wives as Christ loves the Church” (Ephesians 5:25).

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